MarCOSIO: Economic Benefit and Analysis Report – TOR

As part of the MarCOSIO deliverables, BCC and WIOMSA has issued a Terms of Reference for the development of an Economic Benefit and Analysis Report.

The Benguela Current Convention (BCC) and the Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA), on behalf of the Marine and Coastal Operations for Southern Africa (MarCOSIO), are inviting proposals from senior consultants to undertake the assessment and demonstrable importance of Earth Observation services for decision-making on ocean governance and enabling the development of the ocean economy, using MarCOSIO as a case study.

The full terms of reference can be found here.

The deadline for submission of the bid is 25th July 2021. Tenders should be submitted electronically to,,


About The MarCOSIO Team Leaders

The three include Dr Bolelang Sibolla from the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) who leads the technical team in developing the Safety at Sea service, Dr Yohana Wilson Shaghude from the Institute of Marine Sciences (IMS) serving as a research coordinator under the project, and Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute’s (KMFRI) Dr Immanuel Mbaru who is the thematic expert under MarCOSIO.

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Coral bleaching

As the 2023 bleaching season comes to an end, the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region can breathe a sigh of relief. Over the past three years, the WIO has experienced lower occurrences of coral bleaching, thanks to cooler seasons that have contributed to a positive trend in coral reef health.

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Overall coral bleaching risk in WIO low, February forecast shows

Coral bleaching alerts are out!! According to research findings by CORDIO East Africa (, a MarCOSIO partner under the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security and Africa Marine and Coastal Operations for Southern Africa project, the overall coral bleaching risk in Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region in 2023 is quite low.

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